Indonesia National Flowers

There are three National Flowers in Indonesia, namely – Moon Orchid, Rafflesia, and Sacred Jasmine.

Trivia: Did you know… that Indonesia adopted (the) 3 flowers on June 5, 1990 to mark the World Environment Day?

Photo by Orchi under CC By-SA 3.0 Unported License.
Botanical Name
Phalaenopsis amabilis
Common Names
Moon Orchid
White Moth Orchid
Common Names
Angrek Bulan

… is one of Indonesia’s three national flowers. The other two are Jasminum sambac and Rafflesia arnoldii. The Moon Orchid is one of the longest blooming orchids. The inflorescence are branched and can last from two to six months before dropping. The Moon Orchid usually blooms two to three times a year once it has reached maturity. It thrives in moist temperature so it is widely found in the lowlands of Indonesia.

ASEAN Secretariat

Photo by ma_suska under CC By 2.0 Generic License.
Botanical Name
Rafflesia arnoldii
Common Names

Trivia: Did you know… that Rafflesia arnoldii is the largest (single) flower in the world?

Rafflesia arnoldii is a rare flower found in the rainforests of Indonesia. It can grow to 3 feet across and can weigh up to 11 kilograms. A parasitic plant, with no visible leaves, roots, or stem. Rafflesias are always found on a host plant which it uses for its nutrients and water needs. Many of the Rafflesia species are threatened or endangered, the major reason why Indonesia adopted Rafflesia as one of its National Flower – to help in the conciousness of preserving the nature around us and the Rafflesias.

This flower take months to develop, and when it reaches it’s most developed state, it will only last a few days. The Rafflesia flower only lives in primary rainforests (i.e. undisturbed), making it even more difficult to keep it alive and thriving. Through Indonesia, a strong message to everyone: let’s help and save Rafflesia before it is all gone.

Photo by Shu Suehiro under CC By-SA 3.0 Unported License.
Botanical Name
Jasminum sambac
Common Names
Arabian Jasmine
Asian Jasmine
Asiatic Jasmine
Sacred Jasmine
Sambac Jasmine
Common Names
Common Names

Trivia: Did you know… that Jasminum sambac is the National Flower of the Philippines as well?

Back to: ASEAN National Flowers.

Indonesia National Flowers
Article Name
Indonesia National Flowers
Indonesia, one of two nations in the world with many islands. They also have three National Flowers, the Moon Orchid; the largest single flower Rafflesia; and the Sacred Jasmine.

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